All but one species are native to the tropical New World and the West Indies. How do I get the color back? Nell this article is listed as one for beginners, but it needs more definition of terms such as “epiphitic” and “entire leaf margin”. Its threadlike roots attach to the branches in tree canopies or on rocks. Related to the pineapple, there are more than 3,000 known species of bromeliads categorized in about 75 genera, of which many are highly prized indoor specimens. "Blue Tango" features narrow, light green leaves with a spectacular blue flower bract. The pups are about a year old and growing daily. Are there seeds in that spike or flower? Most bromeliads are propagated from ‘pups’. Many bromeliads are colourful plants and … Les broméliacées épiphytes considérées comme milieu biologique. I love bromeliads, but I don’t have much luck with them. Bromeliads in this genus have thin, glossy, strap-like, smooth-edged leaves which form a water-holding rosette. sinuate leaf margin means: The outline of a sinuate leaf. Classification. I’m particularly interested in required lighting requirements. , Tillandsia usneoides hanging from branches, Tillandsia airplants mounted on the bark of a cork oak. Even before this, a few other bromeliads had already dispersed to the Brazilian shield while the climate was still arid, likely through a gradual process of short-distance dispersal.  They can be found at altitudes from sea level to 4200 meters, from rainforests to deserts. @Jaron – epiphitic means: A plant which naturally grows upon another plant but does not derive any nourishment from it. , Navioideae is split from Pitcairnioideae based on its cochlear sepals and chloroplast DNA.  The subfamilies Navioideae and Lindmanioideae are endemic to the Guiana Shield as well. , Lindmanioideae is the next most basal branch distinguished from the other subfamilies by convolute sepals and chloroplast DNA. In 1828, Aechmea fasciata was brought to Europe, followed by Vriesea splendens in 1840. Hydrobiología, 625(1), 151-156. Guzmania Plant Care Tips Light.  These epiphytes thrived in this humid environment, since their trichomes rely on water in the air rather than from the ground like terrestrial plants. , The first groups to leave the Guiana Shield were the genus Hechtia, which spread to Central America via long-distance dispersal, and the subfamily Tillandsioideae, which spread gradually into northern South America. Learn how to care for your Hechtia bromeliad with this quick and easy informational guide. Guzmania, Vriesea and Tillandsia are names of varieties within the family. Guzmania is also one of the most low-maintenance bromeliads, requiring only a little water in the leaf cup once per week. The Plants Database includes the following 3 species of Bromelia .Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Some species produce fragrant flowers. Can you show pictures of plants to help one classify same ? The Guzmania bromeliads are known for their brightly colored funnel rosettes. Bromelioideae, the third subfamily, has the most bromeliad genera grown as garden and interior plants. i’ve placed it in my kitchen and spray the roots with water. The majority of bromeliads are epiphytic, meaning they grow on the branches of trees without taking nutrients from the tree. Worldwide shipping. They grow from the dry deserts of southwestern United States to equatorial tropical rain forests. Plants in the genera Guzmania, Tillandsia and Vriesea are the more commonly cultivated members of this subfamily. I received instructions to give my Aechmea teen-age pups 4 hours of direct sunlight each day, from a green house in Richmond. Aechmea, Billbergia, Cryptanthus, Neoregelia and Nidularium are the most popular genera of this subfamily. BUT I COME TO YOU FOR THE RILGHT SPOT. They’re hardy, provide year-round interest with their mottled, striped and patterned foliage, and have long-lasting blooms available in flaming reds, bubblegum pinks and sunshine yellows. Many epiphytic bromeliads with the tank habit also speciated here. Clusters of red, white or yellow flowers appear from behind orange, yellow or … Plants are widely represented in their natural climates across the Americas. The greatest number of primitive species resides in the Andean highlands of South America, where they originated in the tepuis of the Guiana Shield approximately 100 million years ago. Submit your photo to be featured on the blog! Many thanks, Judy. Bromeliads are members of the pineapple family, Bromeliaceae, and come from tropical parts of the Americas. We have a bromeliad growing in our yard in Sanibel Florida. One species (Pitcairnia Feliciana) can be found in Africa. The aquatic habitat created as a result is host to a diverse array of invertebrates, especially aquatic insect larvae. The Bromeliaceae (the bromeliads) is a family of monocot flowering plants of 75 genera and around 3590 known species native mainly to the tropical Americas, with a few species found in the American subtropics and one in tropical west Africa, Pitcairnia feliciana.. Other kinds of bromeliads. Based on growth habits and other characteristics, Bromeliaceae is divided into the subfamilies Pitcairnioideae, Tillandsioideae and Bromelioideae. I hope to learn more from this site about proper care. I JUST DON’T KNOW. Your email address will not be published.  The family includes both epiphytes, such as Spanish moss (Tillandsia usneoides), and terrestrial species, such as the pineapple (Ananas comosus). Like the other bromeliads, Guzmanias prefer and are happiest in bright, natural light.An east or west exposure would be best but just be sure they avoid exposure to any direct, hot sun because they’ll burn. Bromeliads can be grown from seed, but this is the most time-consuming method of propagating them. Very nice, pungent, smelling little flowers? An informative site on the bromeliad (Bromeliaceae) family including classification, care requirements, propagation, blooming, diseases and insects, photographs, and product reviews. All you need to make sure is to provide the plants indirect sunlight, keep the soil damp at all times, and the temperature between 40―50°F. EVERY GARDENER I ASK HAS A DIFFERENT ANSWER FROM VERY MOIST SOIL TO VERY DRY SOIL! How organisms reach and colonize bromeliads: a field experimental test of two of Picado’s hypotheses, and the effect of tree age and cardinal distribution on bromeliads in Cartago, Costa Rica. The genera belonging to this subfamily commonly cultivated are Dyckia, Hechtia, Pitcirnia and Puya. When it blooms we take pictures and send them to different sources but no one has yet been able to tell us what it is. Micro-environmental factors and the endemism of bromeliad aquatic fauna. Your email address will not be published. Its about 10 inches tall now. There are thin brown, purple or maroon lines which run parallel along the length of the leaves. Bromeliad care and info. is this correct? Required fields are marked *. All have wonderful shapes and colours. The base is about 4″ across, a main stem, rises about 5′, at the top, branches out 8 6″ limbs, there hangs, small banana shaped, flowers, 1/2″ long. HI, My name is Jim, and some friends just gave me a bromiliad for a house warming gift. Foliage takes different shapes, from needle-thin to broad and flat, symmetrical to irregular, spiky to soft. The family Bromeliaceae is currently placed in the order Poales. The family Bromeliaceae is organized into eight subfamilies:, Bromeliaceae were originally split into three subfamilies based on morphological seed characters: Bromelioideae (seeds in baccate fruits), Tillandsioideae (plumose seeds), and Pitcairnioideae (seeds with wing-like appendages). Accordingly, these plants can be found in the Andean highlands, from northern Chile to Colombia, in the Sechura Desert of coastal Peru, in the cloud forests of Central and South America, in southern United States from southern Virginia to Florida to Texas, and in far southern Arizona. The families of flowering plants: descriptions, illustrations, identification, information retrieval. (right) Bromeliads used as landscaping in a private garden. 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